A stroke occurs when blood supply is cut off to a part of the brain, it can be a serious life-threatening issue and cause long term effects to cognitive function. When blood flow is restricted or stopped then brain cells begin to die affecting brain function and causing brain injury, disability and possibly death.
The two main types of strokes are ischaemic where blood supply is disrupted because of a blood clot – this is the most common type of stroke. Haemorrhagic strokes are when a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts. There is also a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) where blood supply to the brain is temporarily interrupted – also known as a mini-stroke.
There are symptoms of a stroke that should be looked out for so it can be detected and treated sooner rather than later. The sooner a stroke is treated, the better the chance of limiting the resulting damage to brain cells. The way to remember these is FAST.
Face – Is their face drooping on one side?
Arms – Can they lift both arms?
Speech – Is their speech slurred?
Time – If there are any of these signs, call 999 immediately
The aftereffects of a stroke can include weakness on one side, problems speaking and communicating, loss of memory, spatial awareness, and other effects on cognitive function. It can also cause increased depression and anxiety as someone comes to terms with the effect a stroke has had on them or as a result of their brain injury.
The effects of a stroke may mean someone’s personality changes, they may be confused and frustrated at their situation, have issues with memory and get angry or upset easily. You may have to remind or explain to them how their circumstances have changed, and it may be difficult for them to accept help and support and lose some of their independence.
Caring for someone following a stroke can be very demanding and it can be difficult to deal with a loved ones change in personality or to be on the receiving end of their frustration. The rehabilitation process will vary greatly based on the person and the severity of their stroke. Age can also be a factor and a stroke in someone who is elderly can make rehabilitation more difficult due to existing health or mobility problems.
Home care after stroke allows someone to recover and rehabilitate in their own home in familiar surroundings with the ability to see family and friends freely. A home carer can either work on a live in or visiting basis, providing as much care as is needed to help with the recovery process such as cleaning, preparing food, rehabilitation exercises, attending appointments, help with personal care and administering medication.
To find out more about our home care after a stroke, please get in touch.
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